This Month In History: May 2012

Each month we add a list into our newsletter of some important and/or interesting events that happened that month in history. May definitely packs a lot of history. We’ve added a few of the events below, and the rest you can read through on our blog. Sit back, relax and enjoy for a few minutes. Take a step back in time!

  • May 1, 1931 – the Empire State Building opened
  • May 2, 1885 – Good Housekeeping magazine was first published
  • May 3, 1979Margaret Thatcher was chosen to become Britain’s first female Prime Minister
  • May 5, 1961 – Alan Shepard went on the first manned space flight
  • May 9, 1869 – The Transcontinental Railroad was completed
  • May 10, 1908 – The first Mother’s Day observance took place in West Virginia and Pennsylvania
  • May 11, 1947 – B.F. Goodrich Company developed the tubeless tire
  • May 14, 1904 – The first Olympic Games were held in the United States in St. Louis, Missouri
  • May 17, 1875 – The fist Kentucky Derby was held
  • May 24, 1844 – Samuel F.B. Morse transmitted the first message as America’s first telegraph line was opened
  • May 29, 1917 – President John F. Kennedy was born
  • May 31, 1927 – The last Ford Model T automobile was made
  • May 31, 1913 – The 17th Amendment to the United States Constitution was declared in effect

This Month in History: April

Each month we add a list into our newsletter of some important and/or interesting events that happened that month in history. April definitely packs a lot of history and we share these stories with you as an inspiration. We’ve added a few of the events below, and the rest you can read through on our blog. Sit back, relax and enjoy for a few minutes. Take a step back in time!

  • April 2, 1792 – Congress established the first U.S. Mint at Philadelphia.
  • April 3, 1860 – In the American West, the Pony Express service began as the first rider departed St. Joseph, Missouri. For $5 an ounce, letters were delivered 2,000 miles to California within ten days. The famed Pony Express riders each rode from 75 to 100 miles before handing the letters off to the next rider. A total of 190 way stations were located about 15 miles apart. The service lasted less than two years, ending upon the completion of the overland telegraph.
  • April 3, 1995 – Supreme Court Justice Sandra Day O’Connor became the first woman to preside over the Court, sitting in for Chief Justice William H. Rehnquist who was out of town.
  • April, 1783 - American writer Washington Irving (1783-1859) was born in New York City. His works include; Rip Van Winkle, The Legend of Sleepy Hollow and historical biographies such as the Life of Washington.
  • April 4, 1968 – Civil Rights leader Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King was shot and killed by a sniper in Memphis, Tennessee. As head of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, he had championed non-violent resistance to end racial oppression and had been awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964. He is best remembered for his I Have a Dream speech delivered at the 1963 Civil Rights March on Washington. That particular march and King’s other efforts helped the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965. In 1986, Congress established the third Monday in January as a national holiday in his honor.
  • April 6, 1896 – After a break of 1500 years, the first Olympics of the modern era was held in Athens, Greece.
  • April 12, 1981 – The first space shuttle flight occurred with the launching of Columbia with astronauts John Young and Robert Crippen aboard. Columbia spent 54 hours in space, making 36 orbits, then landed at Edwards Air Force Base in California.
  • April 14, 1828 – The first dictionary of American-style English was published by Noah Webster as the American Dictionary of the English Language.
  • April 15, 1912 – In the icy waters off Newfoundland, the luxury liner Titanic with 2,224 persons on board sank at 2:27 a.m. after striking an iceberg just before midnight. Over 1,500 persons drowned while 700 were rescued by the liner Carpathia which arrived about two hours after Titanic went down.
  • April, 1452 – Leonardo da Vinci of Italy the legendary painter, sculptor, inventor, scientist and visionary was born.

This Month in History: March

Each month we add a list into our newsletter of some important and/or interesting events that happened that month in history. March definitely packs a lot of history. Sit back, relax and enjoy for a few minutes. Take a step back in time!

The Peace Corps

  • March 1, 1961 – President JFK established the Peace Corps, an organization for sending young American volunteers to developing countries to assist with health care, education and basic human needs.
  • March 1, 1974 – American band leader Glenn Miller was born in Carilinda, Iowa. His music gained enormous popularity during the 1940’s through recordings such as Moonlight Serenade and String of Pearls.
  • March 1847 – Telephone inventor Alexander Graham Bell was born in Edinburgh, Scotland. On March 10, 1876 his very first sentence was spoken on the newly invented telephone and was to his assistant “Mister Watson, come here, I want you”.
  • March 4, 1933 – Newly elected President Franklin D. Roosevelt took office and delivered his first inaugural address attempting to restore public confidence during the Great Depression.
  • March 10, 1880 – The Salvation Army was founded in the United States. The social service organization was first founded in England by William Booth and operates today in 90 countries.
  • March 17th – Celebrated as Saint Patrick’s Day commemorating the patron saint of Ireland.
  • March 22, 1972 – The Equal Rights Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was passed by the U.S. Senate and then sent to the states for ratification.
  • March 1879 – Albert Einstein was born in Ulm, Germany. His theory of relativity led to new ways of thinking about time, space, matter and energy. He received a nobel Prize in 1921 and emigrated to the US in 1933.
  • March 4, 1955 – the first radio facsimile or fax transmission was sent across the continent.
  • March 6, 1899 – Felix Hoffmann patented “Aspirin”. Hoffmann discovered that the compound called salicin found in willow plants provided pain relief.
  • March 5, 1872 – George Westinghouse, Jr. patented the steam air brake.
  • March 24, 1989 – One of the largest oil spills in US history occurred as the oil tanker Exxon Valdez ran aground in Prince William Sound off Alaska, resulting in 11 million gallons of oil leaking into the natural habitat over a stretch of 45 miles.

This Month In History

  • Hattie Caraway was born in February (1878-1950) the first woman elected to the U.S. Senate, was born in Bakersville, Tennessee. Her husband became the U.S. Senator from Arkansas. Following his death in 1931, she filled the remainder of his term, then was elected herself, serving a total of 14 years.
  • On February 2, 1848 – The war between the U.S. and Mexico ended with the signing of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. In exchange for $15 million, the U.S. acquired the areas encompassing parts or all of present day California, Nevada, Utah, Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado, Wyoming, and Texas. The treaty was ratified on March 10, 1848.
  • The 15th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was ratified February 3, 1870, guaranteeing the right of citizens to vote, regardless of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.
  • The first female physician in the U.S., Elizabeth Blackwell (1821-1910) was born near Bristol, England. As a girl, her family moved to New York State. She was awarded her MD by the Medical Institute of Geneva, New York, in 1849. She then established a hospital in New York City run by an all-female staff. She was also active in training women to be nurses for service in the American Civil War.
  • Massachusetts became the sixth state to ratify the new U.S. Constitution, by a vote of 187 to 168 on February 6, 1788.
  • The American inventor Thomas Edison (1847-1931) was born in Milan, Ohio. Throughout his lifetime he acquired over 1,200 patents including the incandescent bulb, phonograph and movie camera.
  • February 14th is celebrated as (Saint) Valentine’s Day around the world, now one of the most widely observed unofficial holidays in which romantic greeting cards and gifts are exchanged.

This Month In History

  • BirthdayStar-Spangled Banner author Francis Scott Key (1779-1843) was born in Frederick County, Maryland. After witnessing the British bombardment of Fort McHenry on the night of September 13-14, 1814, he was enthralled to see the American flag still flying over the fort at daybreak. He then wrote the poem originally entitled Defense of Fort McHenry which became the U.S. National Anthem in 1931.
  • Construction of the Berlin WallAugust 13, 1961 – The Berlin Wall came into existence after the East German government closed the border between east and west sectors of Berlin with barbed wire to discourage emigration to the West. The barbed wire was replaced by a 12 foot-high concrete wall eventually extending 103 miles (166 km) around the perimeter of West Berlin. The wall included electrified fences, fortifications, and guard posts. It became a notorious symbol of the Cold War. Presidents Kennedy and Reagan made notable appearances at the wall accompanied by speeches denouncing Communism. The wall was finally opened by an East German governmental decree in November 1989 and torn down by the end of 1990.
  • August 21, 1959 – President Dwight D. Eisenhower signed a proclamation admitting Hawaii to the Union as the 50th state.
  • August 31, 1997 – Britain’s Princess Diana died at age 36 from massive internal injuries suffered in a high-speed car crash, reportedly after being pursued by photographers. The crash occurred shortly after midnight in Paris inside a tunnel along the Seine River at the Pont de l’Alma bridge, less than a half mile north of the Eiffel Tower. Also killed in the crash were Diana’s companion, Dodi Fayed, 42, and chauffeur Henri Paul. A fourth person in the car, bodyguard Trevor Rees-Jones, was seriously injured.
  • Birthday – Jazz trumpet player Louis Armstrong (1901-1971) was born in New Orleans, Louisiana. Known as “Satchmo,” he appeared in many films and is best known for his renditions of It’s a Wonderful World and Hello, Dolly.
  • August 6, 1945 – The first Atomic Bomb was dropped over the center of Hiroshima at 8:15 a.m., by the American B-29 bomber Enola Gay. The bomb detonated about 1,800 ft. above ground, killing over 105,000 persons and destroying the city. Another estimated 100,000 persons later died as a result of radiation effects.
  • Birthday – Penicillin discoverer Alexander Fleming (1881-1955) was born in Lochfield, Scotland. By accident, he found that mold from soil killed deadly bacteria without injuring human tissue. He received the Nobel Prize in 1954.
  • August 15, 1969 - Woodstock began in a field near Yasgur’s Farm at Bethel, New York. The three-day concert featured 24 rock bands and drew a crowd of more than 300,000 young people. The event came to symbolize the counter-culture movement of the 1960’s.
  • Birthday – French composer Claude Debussy (1862-1918) was born in St. Germain-en-Laye, France. His unusual chords, based on the whole-tone scale, laid the groundwork for a new style of music called impressionism.

Have you made your place in history yet???