tag : 15th amendment, abolition, abolitionist, abolitionist movement, abraham lincoln, African, african american students, african national congress, Alabama, Amendment, american social reformer, antislavery, apartheid, apartheid government, augustus washington, Black, black history month, black muslim, boycott, Civil, Congress, desegregation, February, frederick augustus, Frederick Augustus Washington, Frederick Douglass, Gettysburg, gettysburg address, Greensboro, Hardin County, Kentucky, Malcolm, Martin Luther King, Massachusetts, Montgomery, Muslim, muslim leader, nelson mandela, New York City, North Carolina, opposition, opposition groups, President F.W. de Klerk, race, Rosa Parks, slavery, South Africa, u s constitution, U.S., U.S. Supreme, W.E.B. Du, washington bailey, Woolworth
comment : 2
February Historical Events
- February 1, 1960 – In Greensboro, North Carolina, four African American students sat down and ordered coffee at a lunch counter inside a Woolworth’s store. They were refused service, but did not leave. Instead, they waited all day. The scene was repeated over the next few days, with protests spreading to other southern states, resulting in the eventual arrest of over 1,600 persons for participating in sit-ins.
- February 2, 1990 – In South Africa, the 30-year-old ban on the African National Congress was lifted by President F.W. de Klerk, who also promised to free Nelson Mandela and remove restrictions on political opposition groups.
- February 3, 1870 – The 15th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was ratified, guaranteeing the right of citizens to vote, regardless of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.
- February 11, 1990 – In South Africa, Nelson Mandela, at age 71, was released from prison after serving 27 years of a life sentence on charges of attempting to overthrow the apartheid government. In April 1994, he was elected president in the first all-race elections.
- Birthday – Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865) the 16th U.S. President was born in Hardin County, Kentucky. He led the nation through the tumultuous Civil War, freed the slaves, composed the Gettysburg Address, and established Thanksgiving.
- Birthday – Frederick Douglass (born Frederick Augustus Washington Bailey, February 1818 – February 20, 1895) was an American social reformer, orator, writer and statesman. After escaping from slavery, he became a leader of the abolitionist movement, gaining renown for his dazzling oratory and incisive antislavery writing. He stood as a living counter-example to slaveholders’ arguments that slaves did not have the intellectual capacity to function as independent American citizens. He became a major speaker for the cause of abolition.
- February 21, 1965 – Former Black Muslim leader Malcolm X (1925-1965) was shot and killed while delivering a speech in a ballroom in New York City.
- February 22, 1956 – In Montgomery, Alabama, 80 participants in the three month old bus boycott voluntarily gave themselves up for arrest after an ultimatum from white city leaders. Martin Luther King and Rosa Parks were among those arrested. Later in 1956, the U.S. Supreme Court mandated desegregation of the buses.
- Birthday – African American educator and leader W.E.B. Du Bois (1868-1963) was born in Great Barrington, Massachusetts.
Have you made your place in history yet???